Sepsis ( Sepsis) is a life-threatening complications. More common in people with weakened immune systems. Which occur from severe infections.
Sepsis (Sepsis) is a condition that can occur after the body has been infected with some extreme. To combat the infection. The body secretes certain chemicals that cause inflammation, making infection less. But if the infection is severe or the patient's immune system is weakened by disease or chronic inflammation from other causes, then it will be all over the body, causing organ injuries and fatal complications. Infection occurs most often in children and young adults aged 65 years and over. And patients with low immune rub it vulnerable to severe infections more easily.
The cause of sepsis
No matter what kind of bacteria is causing the infection. Other causes include fungi and viruses, which can be difficult. Toxins, microbes are released to the tissue, some injured, and as a result the organs that have trouble running the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health) indicated that tissue injury and inflammation this. maybe a small artery thrombosis small. Report which the blood flow to organs and may have less impact on the functioning of the organs. This can be caused by sepsis, pneumonia ( Pneumonia ) infections in the abdomen. Kidney infections Severe infections of the skin and deeper layers of tissue. And infections in the blood, called bacteriophage, Myanmar (bacteremia).
Risk factors for sepsis
The following procedures or conditions may make it more vulnerable to severe infections.
- Diseases of the urinary tract, biliary or gallbladder, or bowel.
- The disease, low immune system, such as HIV (HIV).
- Wires or tubes in the body for too long, such as in saline intravenous lines. Catheter And blood or pus draining
- The use of antibiotics for a long time.
- Infection or injury caused by such a deep wound or severe burns.
- After surgery or medical procedures.
- Replacement organ or bone marrow
- The use of immunosuppressants such as prolonged corticosteroid (steroid).
Prevalence ( Prevalence) of sepsis.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) CDC (CDC) indicate that patients with sepsis in the United States more than one million deaths per year. Infection is fatal, with death toll of more than 285,000 Americans each year, making it the leading cause of deaths caused by the disease 9. Also, those who survived the infection was caused over a thousand people, complications affecting the life after the infection is gone. Experts from the Mayo Clinic (Mayo. Clinic) said there were factors that resulted in the rise of sepsis in the United States three factors.
Elderly The average life expectancy of Americans increased. People over the age of 65 years, which is increasingly at risk due to sepsis was highest increases. Resistant bacteria Since the bacteria are not destroyed with antibiotics was available anymore. Often antibiotic resistant bacteria are often the cause of infections caused by sepsis. Weak immune The treatment was developed by the American people live longer, up from a fatal disease, for example. HIV (HIV) and cancer. In addition, many American's lives from diseases that result in death, of course, with the success of organ transplantation. However, the treatment of these patients are immunocompromised for a long time, the body fight off infection more difficult.
Complications from infection
Infection can cause severe complications in the long term from the blood supply to vital organs decreases as the brain, kidneys and heart blood to the arms and lower legs caused blood to the arms, legs, fingers and toes may have. the risk to amputation of fingers or ischemic necrosis (tissue death and decomposition) depending on the position of thrombosis. Although most people recover from infection are mild. The rate of death from low blood pressure from sepsis (septic. shock), which is the most severe form of sepsis, almost 40% of the patients with pulleys from sepsis may have a higher risk to cause new infections in the future.